Heart valve surgery is a procedure to treat heart valve disease. Heart valve disease involves at least one of the four heart valves not working properly. Heart valves keep blood flowing in the correct direction through your heart.
The four valves are the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps — called leaflets for the mitral and tricuspid valves and cusps for the aortic and pulmonary valves. These flaps open and close once during each heartbeat. Valves that don’t open or close properly disrupt blood flow through your heart to your body.
In heart valve surgery, your surgeon repairs or replaces the affected heart valves. Many surgical approaches can be used to repair or replace heart valves, including open-heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery.
Your treatment depends on several factors, including your age, your health, the condition of the affected heart valve and the severity of your condition.
Why it's done?
There are two basic types of heart valve defects: a narrowing of a valve (stenosis) and a leak in a valve that allows blood to back up (regurgitation). You might need heart valve surgery if you have one of these defects and it’s affecting your heart’s ability to pump blood.
Your doctor will evaluate you to determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition. If you don’t have signs or symptoms, or your condition is mild, your doctor might suggest monitoring over time. In that case, healthy lifestyle changes and medications might help manage symptoms.