Pacemaker/AICD/CRT Implantation

Pacemaker / AICD / CRT Implantation

Implantable Pulse Generators (IPGs) are indicated for rate adaptive pacing in patients who may benefit from increased pacing rates concurrent with increases in activity. Pacemakers are also indicated for dual chamber and atrial tracking modes in patients who may benefit from maintenance of AV synchrony. Dual chamber modes are specifically indicated for the treatment of conduction disorders that require restoration of both rate and AV synchrony, which include various degrees of AV block to maintain the atrial contribution to cardiac output and VVI intolerance (e.g. pacemaker syndrome) in the presence of persistent sinus rhythm. See device manuals for the accepted patient conditions warranting chronic cardiac pacing. Antitachycardia pacing (ATP) is indicated for termination of atrial tachyarrhythmias in patients with one or more of the above pacing indications

Cardiologist & Heart Specialist in Baner

Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) IPGs are indicated for NYHA Functional Class III and IV patients who remain symptomatic despite stable, optimal heart failure medical therapy and have an LVEF ≤ 35% and a prolonged QRS duration and for NYHA Functional Class I, II, or III patients who have a LVEF ≤ 50%, are on stable, optimal heart failure medical therapy if indicated and have atrioventricular block (AV block) that are expected to require a high percentage of ventricular pacing that cannot be managed with algorithms to minimize right ventricular pacing. Optimization of heart failure medical therapy that is limited due to AV block or the urgent need for pacing should be done post-implant. Rate adaptive pacing is provided for those patients developing a bradycardia indication who might benefit from increased pacing rates concurrent with increases in activity. Dual chamber and atrial tracking modes are indicated for patients who may benefit from maintenance of AV synchrony. Antitachycardia pacing (ATP) is indicated for termination of atrial tachyarrhythmias in patients with one or more of the above pacing indications.

Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are indicated to provide ventricular antitachycardia pacing and ventricular defibrillation for automated treatment of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Notes for DR ICDs: The use of the device has not been demonstrated to decrease the morbidity related to atrial tachyarrhythmias. The effectiveness of high-frequency burst pacing (atrial 50 Hz Burst therapy) in terminating device classified atrial tachycardia (AT) was found to be 17%, and in terminating device classified atrial fibrillation (AF) was found to be 16.8%, in the VT/AT patient population studied. The effectiveness of high-frequency burst pacing (atrial 50 Hz Burst therapy) in terminating device classified atrial tachycardia (AT) was found to be 11.7%, and in terminating device classified atrial fibrillation (AF) was found to be 18.2% in the AF-only patient population studied.

CRT ICDs are indicated for ventricular antitachycardia pacing and ventricular defibrillation for automated treatment of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and for providing cardiac resynchronization therapy in heart failure patients on stable, optimal heart failure medical therapy if indicated, and meet any of the following classifications: New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Class III or IV and who have a left ventricular ejection fraction < 35% and a prolonged QRS duration. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) with a QRS duration > 130 ms, left ventricular ejection fraction < 30%, and NYHA Functional Class II. NYHA Functional Class I, II, or III and who have left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 50% and atrioventricular block (AV block) that are expected to require a high percentage of ventricular pacing that cannot be managed with algorithms to minimize right ventricular pacing. Optimization of heart failure medical therapy that is limited due to AV block or the urgent need for pacing should be done post-implant.

Some ICDs and CRT ICDs are also indicated for use in patients with atrial tachyarrhythmias, or those patients who are at significant risk for developing atrial tachyarrhythmias. The RV Lead Integrity Alert (LIA) feature is intended primarily for patients who have a Medtronic ICD or CRT-D device and a Sprint Fidelis lead (Models 6949, 6948, 6931, and 6930), based on performance data. The RV LIA feature may not perform as well with a St. Jude Riata/Durata lead or a Boston Scientific Endotak lead as it does when used with a Medtronic Sprint Fidelis lead. This is because different lead designs may have different failure signatures and conditions that may or may not be detected early by the RV LIA feature.